UNIT 26: Từ nối và ví dụ minh họa dành cho ESSAY

Khi viết essays, đặc biệt cho bài thi IELTS, sử dụng nhuần nhuyễn các từ nối rất hiệu quả khi bạn ‘phô bày’ các kỹ thuật viết câu cho giám khảo. Thường thì các bài viết tốt là các bài có nhiều loại câu – đơn, ghép, phức, và các mệnh đề kết nối với nhau bằng từ nối linh hoạt. Trong bài này, tác giả trình bày theo quan điểm riêng về từ nối, các cụm từ nối, ví dụ đi kèm và các cụm từ có thể dùng tương tự.

Addition
• in addition
In addition, I would like to point out that my neighbor is disturbing me late at night.
• and similarly
Your life will change forever and similarly, your whole family will feel the change.
• likewise
Some people have little time for a hobby, and have likewise little will to get one.
• as well as
Beauty, as well as smarts, is a remarkable quality
• besides
We aren’t friends. Besides, I don’t feel it’s my place to set him straight.
• furthermore
Computers are getting faster and faster these days; furthermore, their cost is getting lower and lower.
• also
• moreover
I’ve wanting a change for a long time, moreover, I feel I deserve one.
• and then too
• not only … but also
Not only this product is good for your hair, but also for the whole body.

Sequence
• first(ly) initially
Initially, you would start putting a plan together.
• second(ly)
• to begin with
To begin with, you will need to commit a portion of your time to studying.
• then
• next
• earlier/later
Later on there comes a stage when your skills are put to a test.
• after this/that
• following this/that

Consequence
• as a result
I studied well and as a result, I got a high score.
• Thus
• So
• therefore
I was younger and therefore, less experienced.
• consequently
• it follows that
• thereby
I upset my friend, thereby causing her pain.
• eventually
• then in that case
• admittedly
Admittedly, he is the smartest person I know.

Contrast
• however
The book is expensive, however it’s worth it.
• on the other hand
She says she feels fine, on the other hand, her face is pale and she doesn’t look healthy.
• despite
• in spite of
In spite of the difficulties, the task was completed.
• though
He still insists, though he knows that won’t do any good.
• although
• but
• on the contrary
The music didn’t lift her spirit, on contrary, it made her feel weak and vulnerable again.
• otherwise
• yet instead of
He felt unwelcome, yet instead of leaving, he stayed.
• rather
Eggs for breakfast is not a good idea, I would rather have some toast.
• whereas
He was her true love, whereas for him she was just another girlfriend.
• nonetheless
While they didn’t trust each other, nonetheless they worked together for many years.

Certainty
• obviously
I was very disappointed, obviously because my expectations were too high.
• certainly
I will certainly let her know your opinion.
• plainly
You are plainly wrong
• of course
• undoubtedly
She is undoubtedly very beautiful

Condition
• if
• unless
I won’t be able to meet you, unless we schedule it in the morning.
• whether
Whether you like it or not, this is the truth.
• provided that
I can guarantee a good result, provided that you study.
• so that
I can send you the documents so that you would have proof.
• depending on
We can have a picnic this weekend, depending on the weather.

Summary
• in conclusion
• in summary
• lastly
• finally
• to sum up
To sum up, I strongly support the efforts of our society to help the environment.
• to conclude
• to recapitulate
• in short

Ways to give example
1. To describe sequences of events in Time
• for instance
There are many schools in many countries you could go to study to, for instance the schools in London or Birmingham.
• one example
One example of how to get better in cooking would be to start reading recipes.
• for example
• just as
I wanted to be home already just as much as a thirsty man in the desert wanted water.
• in particular
I am referring to my exams, in particular, IELTS and TOEFL.
• such as
• namely
My friends, namely Andy and Cindy, have told me about this new exhibition in the city.
• to illustrate
2. To describe Reason
• since
Since you ask, I’d like to tell you my story
• because (of)
• due to
Due to illness of the teacher, this lecture is canceled.
• owing to
• the reason why
• in other words
• leads to
This assumption leads us to believe that …
• cause
The cause of this unfortunate accident was…
Time
• before
• since
Since 2005 I have been working in …
• as
• until
Until now I wasn’t able to find anything like it.
• meanwhile
Meanwhile, I would like to ask for your patience.
• at the moment
At the moment I am experiencing financial difficulties.
• when
• whenever
Whenever I call him, he appears to be very busy.
• as soon as
• just as

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